What health problems or diseases affect women in different ways than men?

Some health problems that are common in both women and men affect women in different ways. While symptoms may be similar, the effects of the disease and the necessary care may be significantly different for women. In addition, some of these diseases could affect mainly, or more seriously, women than men. For example, nearly 12% of women in the United States are at risk of developing breast cancer over the course of their lives.  male breast cancer accounts for less than 1% of existing cancer cases.

Alcohol abuse

Up to 5.3 million women in the United States abuse alcohol, jeopardizing their health, safety, and overall well-being. While men are more likely to have alcohol dependence or addiction than women during their lives, the effects of alcohol abuse and alcoholism (when a person has signs of alcohol addiction) are more serious in women.  These health effects include increased risk of breast cancer, heart disease, and fetal alcohol syndrome, in which babies born to mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy suffer brain damage and learning difficulties.

Heart disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in American women. While these diseases are also the leading cause of death in American men, women are more likely than men to die after a heart attack. In addition, women are more likely to experience emergency care delays and receive treatment to control cholesterol levels.

Mental health

Women are more likely than men to have signs of depression and anxiety. Depression is the most common mental health problem in women,  and more women are diagnosed than men every AÑO6

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. Causes pain, stiffness, and swelling of the joints. Arthritis is the leading cause of physical disability in the United States. This disease affects almost 27 million people, and affects more women than men.

Sexually transmitted diseases/sexually transmitted infections (STD/STI)

The effects of STD/STI on women may be more severe than in men. In the United States, untreated STD/STI causes infertility in at least 24,000 women each year. Women’s STD/STI is often not treated because the symptoms are less evident than in men and are more likely to be confused with another less severe disease, such as a fungal infection.

Stress

According to a recent survey by the American Psychology Association, Stress in women is on the rise. Women are more likely to report stress, and nearly 50% of women who participated in the survey compared to 39% of men reported that their stress level had increased in the last 5 years.  Stress also has unique effects on Women. A recent study of NICHD found that stress could reduce a woman’s likelihood of becoming pregnant.

Stroke

Every year, more women than men suffer a stroke. While many of the risk factors of a stroke are the same in men and women, such as a family history of stroke, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol, some risk factors are unique to Women. These include:

  • Taking birth control pills
  • Be pregnant
  • Using hormone replacement therapy — a combined progestin and estrogen hormone therapy designed to alleviate menopausal symptoms
  • Have frequent migraines
  • Have a wide waist (more than 35.2 inches), particularly if the woman is in the post-menopausal stage and has high levels of triglycerides (fat in the blood)

Urinary Tract Health

Women are more likely than men to have urinary tract problems. For example, urinary incontinence affects twice as much women as hombres12 due to the structure of the female urinary tract.

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